Jump to navigation. The urinary tract includes 2 kidneys, 2 ureter tubes, a bladder and a urethra. This is the body's drainage system for removing waste and extra water.
Urinary Reflux means that urine is able to get back up into the kidney after it has drained down into the bladder. It is usually present from the time of birth. It may occur in one or both sides, and is more likely to be present in children with abnormal urination or an obstructed bladder.
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Skip to content. What is vesicoureteral reflux VUR? The kidneys produce urine, which travels down tubes called the ureters.
Urinary reflux vesico-ureteric reflux is the abnormal flow of urine back up the ureters when your child wees. The kidneys filter and remove waste and water from the blood to produce urine. The urine travels from the kidneys down 2 narrow tubes called the ureters.
Reflux nephropathy is a condition in which the kidneys are damaged by the backward flow of urine into the kidney. Urine flows from each kidney through tubes called ureters and into the bladder. When the bladder is full, it squeezes and sends the urine out through the urethra.
Vesicoureteric reflux VUR is the term for the abnormal flow of urine from the bladder into the upper urinary tract and is typically encountered in young children. For grading of vesicoureteric reflux, please refer to vesicoureteric reflux grading. Reflux from the bladder into the upper urinary tract predisposes to pyelonephritis by allowing entry of bacteria to the usually sterile upper tract.
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Urine normally travels in one direction forward, or anterograde from the kidneys to the bladder via the ureters, with a 1-way valve at the vesicoureteral ureteral-bladder junction preventing backflow. Reflux occurs if the ureter enters the bladder without sufficient tunneling, i. Most children with vesicoureteral reflux are asymptomatic.
Your urinary system — which includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra — is responsible for removing waste from your body through urine. Your kidneys, located toward the back in your upper abdomen, produce urine by filtering waste and fluid from your blood. That urine then travels through your ureters to your bladder, where the urine is stored until you can eliminate it at an appropriate time.